Home Psychology What is Trauma? What are the three psychological responses to trauma?

What is Trauma? What are the three psychological responses to trauma?

All events, no matter how pleasant or not, have an effect on people. Complex life events are inevitable in the ever-changing rhythm of life. Individuals can experience traumatic life events. This article will discuss the nature of trauma, the three psychological reactions that individuals have to trauma, and the events that can lead to them. Enjoy!

What is trauma?

Let’s take a look at trauma in psychology. Trauma can be defined as: ‘wound’ In ancient Greek, it was a medical term. It is a feeling of being extremely stressed, sad, or fearful when a life event occurs that threatens the physical health of an individual. It can also be described as “extremely stressed, sad, and fearful” in other words. You can have extraordinary experiences. human life It is Most likely to cause traumatic effects.

Trauma does not necessarily have to be associated with the stressor. Witnessing trauma is traumatic A life event or the observation of someone The trauma of being so close to this experience can also have a devastating effect on an individual. Every person has been affected by adverse events. One example is the current epidemic, which may have had a devastating effect on many people’s life. Physical health. Even though this is a common situation, it can be very difficult for an individual to deal with mental problems. Following years They cannot be overcome.

We generally classify traumatic events in three categories:

  • Individual experiences are the best. (e.g., traffic accident).
  • Natural disasters (earthquakes, storms, forest fires, etc.)
  • Violent/criminal acts (domestic violence and stabbing, physical abuse, etc.

Studies show that traumas of personal origin and violence/crime have a greater impact on victims. It is difficult to accept and overcome. More traumas are caused by natural disasters than those caused by them.

Psychological reactions after traumatic events

People experience trauma when they are faced with traumatic events such as the diagnosis or sudden death of a loved, sexual abuse, traffic accidents, or other life-altering circumstances. Every person reacts differently to this change. Because of the differences in their past experiences, people react differently to trauma experiences. Each person experiences the trauma with their own emotions. Thinking patterns. These differences are reflected in the three psychological responses that individuals have to traumatic experiences and changes.

1. Don’t succumb to stress

People can have trouble overcoming trauma after atraumatic experiences. These people may have sleep problems, recurrent trauma memories, extreme anxiety, concentration problems and excessive bodily sensitive. A psychological These symptoms can indicate a condition called Post Traumatic Stress disorder. You may experience symptoms for as long as a month or longer after the event.

2. Resilience/Healing:

Return to the good life, recovery from negative emotions Balance in life Before the trauma, and a flexible approach towards the experiences brought on by the difficult life allow the effects of the trauma to heal before they turn into a psychological disorder. Some people experience a traumatic event that causes them to develop a psychological disorder. symptoms caused The trauma can disappear quickly. Because individuals can Their psychological resilience is enhanced by their ability to cope with and adapt to difficult situations..

3. Growth after trauma

Some people find the traumatic experience to be a frightening one. This event can be used as a tool for well-being during later periods. They ask themselves how they can improve their lives after suffering a difficult time in their lives. By fighting the trauma, they are able to overcome it and become stronger. One example is the following: Person diagnosed with cancer may look at the problems he is facing After beating the disease, he is more flexible and can tolerate them faster. He dares to achieve the dreams he had put off before the trauma.

If you still show These symptoms include The emotional Avoidance of talking about the event, avoidance from situations that remind you, lack of interest in the event, dullness, trouble concentrating and frequent nightmares. After the trauma, and even after a month, you should check for post-traumatic stress disorder. I strongly suggest that you consult a psychiatrist/psychologist.

Let’s say you have overcome the traumatizing event and are now able to develop your self-esteem. You can add more practices to your daily life in this case. A better way of living Your strong mental resilience and stance. For example, techniques such as Positive emotions can be increased, social relationships developed, a positive outlook cultivated, gratitude and living in the moment are all effective ways to increase psychological well-being. resilience.