Home Psychology What is Anxiety? What are the Symptoms, Types and Treatment Methods?

What is Anxiety? What are the Symptoms, Types and Treatment Methods?

The American Psychological Association (APA) defines anxiety as “an emotion characterized by physical changes such as feelings of tension, anxious thoughts, and increased blood pressure.” Knowing the difference between normal feelings of anxiety and an anxiety disorder that requires medical attention can help a person identify and treat the condition. This article examines the different types of anxiety, their signs, symptoms, and available treatment options.

Anxiety symptoms

  • Restlessness and a feeling of being “on edge.”
  • Uncontrollable feelings of anxiety
  • increased irritability
  • concentration difficulties
  • sleep difficulties, such as trouble falling asleep or staying asleep

While it is normal for these symptoms to occur in everyday life, people with anxiety disorders will experience them at persistent or extreme levels.

Anxiety types

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders: Fifth Edition (DSM-V) divides anxiety disorders into several main types.

Generalized anxiety disorder: A chronic illness that involves excessive, prolonged anxiety and nonspecific worries about life events, objects, and situations. GAD is the most common anxiety disorder, and people with it are not always able to identify the cause of their anxiety.

Panic disorder: The main feature is sudden and recurrent episodes of intense anxiety or fear that terrorize a person. Panic Attack begins suddenly, becomes more severe, and peaks within 10 minutes; It usually goes away on its own after 10-30 minutes (rarely up to 1 hour).

Specific phobias: Specific phobias, formerly known as simple phobias, are irrational/extreme fears of particular situations or objects. Phobias are not like other anxiety disorders as they are related to a specific cause. A person with a phobia may regard fear as irrational or excessive but cannot control the emotional anxiety around the trigger.

Agoraphobia: The victim fears leaving home, being in public places, entering shopping malls or shops, being in crowds, cinemas, or narrow and closed rooms, or traveling by train, bus, or plane. For this reason, he either avoids going to these places or experiences great fears as long as he is there. Panic attacks and agoraphobia often occur together.

Social anxiety disorder or social phobia is an anxiety disorder in which the individual has a marked and constant fear of embarrassment in social situations where they are worried that others may judge him. People are afraid of situations that require them to interact with others or to perform an action in the presence of others and try to avoid them as much as possible.

Separation anxiety disorder: High anxiety levels after leaving a person or place that gives a feeling of safety or security characterizes separation anxiety disorder. Separation can sometimes cause panic symptoms.

Possible causes

  • Environmental stressors such as difficulties at work, school, or place of business, relationship problems, or family problems
  • People with a family member with an anxiety disorder are more likely to experience it as they are genetically
  • Medical factors such as symptoms of a different disease, the effects of a drug, the stress of an intensive surgical procedure, or long-term recovery
  • Insufficiency of hormones and electrical signals in the brain; brain chemistry

Anxiety treatment methods

  1. self-treatment

Sometimes, a person can treat their anxiety disorder at home without clinical supervision. However, this may not be effective for severe or long-lasting anxiety disorders. Various exercises and actions are available to help the person cope with milder or shorter-term anxiety disorders.

  1. Professional support

A standard way to treat anxiety is through counseling. This may include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), psychotherapy, or a combination of treatments.

  1. Medicines

A person can support anxiety management with a variety of medications. Medications that can control some physical and mental symptoms include antidepressants, tricyclic, and beta-blockers.